Prostate cancer is actually a ailment that happens in the male reproductive system. This cancer is very popular as one of the most reasons behind death in the United States.
The prostate itself is accountable for manufacturing of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is located in between the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the disease we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early indications of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, because it is usually without symptoms. This is certainly one answer for the question why this generally found in men aged 50 years along with the most often diagnosed from the seventies. Indeed in line with the age, symptom that had been not visible is going to be visible. a typical complaint expressed by those with the illness is pain, particularly if you urinate, sometimes you may found bleeding in urination, and the actual existence of ere-ctile dysfunction.
The diagnosing prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or using a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is the antigen whether it incorporated into someone`s blood, your physician will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will probably be confirmed by taking a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostate cancer treatment for prostate cancer is still under debate. Treatment options vary, according to the stage. During the early stages can be used prostatectomy (removal of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be done (reduce testosterone levels through the removal of drugs or perhaps the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removing of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long and is also usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is manufactured inside the abdomen or perineal area, as well as the patient needed to undergo hospital treatment for 5-7 days. Complications that will happen is that impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients who happen to be still active se-x-life, can be done Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (elimination of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this treatment causes physical and psychological effects that will stop being tolerated by the patients. Orkiektomi is an effective treatment, does not require re-treatment, when compared with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient did not need 3d prostate treatment. Orkiektomi usually done on the cancer who had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to take care of cancer of A, B and C. Usually if the danger of surgical procedures are excessive, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy on the prostate gland can be achieved in several ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals with no need to undergo hospitalization. Side effects like decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (such as redness and irritation), injury or burns to the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatments are usually done just as much as five times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive directly on prostate tissue by way of a small incision. The benefit of this particular type of radiation treatment therapy is that radiation is directed right to the prostate with tissue damage in the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The target is usually to reduce the degree of testosterone. Lowering of testosterone levels are often very efficient in preventing the growth and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is mainly utilized to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the more widely used to help remedy advanced prostate cancer. One example is definitely the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration as it has got the same result with the removing of the testes). Drugs given such as injections, usually every ninety days. One side effects are nausea and vomiting, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs used for hormonal treatment therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to stop the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. Along side it effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is frequently used to treat symptoms of prostate cancer is immune to hormonal therapy. Usually given an individual drug or mixture of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that can used to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and rely on the drugs given. You need to carefully take into account the benefits and unwanted effects of both treatments to obtain the 3d prostate treatment options that are great for together with you.